Canadian Jewish Population Studies No. 7: Geographic index of Jewish community in Canada ('A Gazetteer of Jewish communities in Canada : showing the Jewish population in each of the cities, towns & villages in Canada in the census years, 1851-1951')
From a Yiddish fundraising pamphlet, circa 1934. In 1863, the Young Men's Hebrew Benevolent Society (YMHBS), later the Baron de Hirsch Institute (BHI), was formed. It helped new immigrants, ran a school, and provided relief services to the Jewish community. Other such organizations and institutions, often in need of money, were also in existence, so in 1916 a single agency was formed to oversee all fundraising for these groups: the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies. It later was renamed the Federation of Jewish Community Services (1951), then Allied Jewish Community Services (AJCS, 1965). In 1992 the name was changed to Federation CJA. Included within this social and community services agency are the Jewish Public Library, the YM-YWHA, Golden Age Association, Jewish Immigrant Aid Society (JIAS), and the Jewish General Hospital
MB 1.See Photo collection described on database in PCAT. One oversize box of scrapbooks stored with materials. Minutes and annual reports from National Archives of Canada collection and fragile materials from Series A are available on microfilm; reels ZE 22, ZE 23, and ZE 24.Various constituent agency records. See entries for Hebrew Old Peoples' and Sheltering Home, Maimonides Hospital, Hospital of Hope, Jewish General Hospital, Mount Sinai Sanatorium, YM-YWHA, Herzl (Dispensary/Health Services Centre/Family Practice), Montreal Hebrew Orphans' Home. See Also: Women's Federation of Allied Jewish Community Services, Industrial Removal Office.Approximately 15 m. of this collection is unprocessed. There is a finding aid and computer listings for the processed materials.
NORMAN, Morris : Documents and photos of Montreal Jewish subjects.
Env. 0.03 metres of textual records. - 6 photographs.
Scope and Content
Photograph of 3rd Plenary Session of CJC in Montreal, May 30- June 1, 1936. Photograph of I. Roter Fruit Store, Montreal (x2), 1920s? Photograph of (McGill?) Medicine class of 1920. Crestohl, Leon D. The Jewish School Problem in the Province of Quebec. Montreal: Eagle Publishing Co. Ltd., 1926. Sel…
Env. 0.03 metres of textual records. - 6 photographs.
Scope and Content
Photograph of 3rd Plenary Session of CJC in Montreal, May 30- June 1, 1936. Photograph of I. Roter Fruit Store, Montreal (x2), 1920s? Photograph of (McGill?) Medicine class of 1920. Crestohl, Leon D. The Jewish School Problem in the Province of Quebec. Montreal: Eagle Publishing Co. Ltd., 1926. Selick, Abel, ed. History of B'nai B'rith in Eastern Canada. 1964. "The Jews in Europe," a broadcast by Watson Thomson, Director of Adult Education, University of Manitoba. Over the CBC, 1943. Memoranda submitted by the Canadian Jewish Congress and the Zionist Organizations of Canada to the Canadian delegates to the United Nations Conference on International Organizations at San Francisco, 1945. Summary of Activities of the National Joint Public Relations Committee of the Canadian Jewish Congress and the B'nai Brith, 1946? YMHA of Montreal department of music program for Miss Henrietta Schumann, 1936. Advice booklet in Yiddish written by Rabbi Yudel Rosenberg, Montreal. Advice given on bakers who work on Shabbos and on baby carriages. Tribute to Israel Rabinovitch on his 60th birthday, Jewish Public Library, Montreal, 1954. Levine Bros. Sporting Goods catalogue, Montreal, 1921-1922. Reprint page of "An Act to amend the Act of Lower Canada therein mentioned, extending certain privileges to persons of the Jewish persuasion, 9th June, 1846." The Jewish Post, April 3, 1947; Sept. 22, 1949. Framed certificate presented to Mr. Harold Cummings from the Mizrachi-Hapoel Hamizrachi Women's Organization of Canada, May 1976. "A Call to Action! To the Jewish People of the World" Materials of the second Soviet Jewish anti-fascist conference held in Moscow on May 24, 1942, published by the Jewish Council for Allied Victory, Winnipeg. "The Upsilon McGillah" Feb. 1921. Pioneer Loan Syndicate booklet belonging to H.M. Caiserman, ca. 1908. 1 folder of correspondence in Hebrew and English regarding Montreal camps Kindervelt and Unzer, 1934-1935. "Otherstand," Oct. 8, 1969; Jan. 21, 1970. "The Voice of the Vaad," Nov. 1972. Published on the golden jubilee of the Vaad Ha'ir of Montreal. Montreal Bakers' Union minute book in Hebrew, 1966-1971. 50th anniversary book of the Russian Polish Hebrew Sick Benefit Association of Montreal, 1957. Congregation Chevra Tehilim (Beth Midrash) book of weddings and births (handwritten with names of brides, grooms, dates, witnesses etc?), 1925-1927. "The Emanue-El Story: Over three quarters of a century of dedicated service," 1960.
The Morris Norman collection documents and photos was de-accessioned from the Ontario Jewish Archives and donated to us on April 25, 2008.
Consists of the community files of the Saint John Jewish Historical Museum, including both original and collected information. Contains business and family records of various Saint John Jewish community members as well as those records that document the military involvement and contributions of th…
Consists of the community files of the Saint John Jewish Historical Museum, including both original and collected information. Contains business and family records of various Saint John Jewish community members as well as those records that document the military involvement and contributions of the Jewish community to the wider city of Saint John. Material includes minutes, correspondence, newspaper records, official documents, photographs and monographs.
The Louis I. Michelson Memorial Archives of the Saint John Jewish Historical Museum preserve the documentary heritage of Saint John's Jewish population. The Archives are organized thematically - synagogues, organizations, community life, and people. The Community Files contain a wealth of diverse information about the various contributions and aspects of Jewish life in New Brunswick.
Saint John's Jews were very active within their own ethnic and religious community and also in the city's organizations and business life from the first arrivals in 1858 to the present day. Many community members are notable for their extensive contributions to many charitable organizations in Saint John and many of the Jewish businesses were well-known and patronized. The history of the Saint John Jewish community is presented in the Community Files section of the archive.
This includes written histories by community members, most notably Dr. Eli Boyaner and Dr. Joseph Tanzman, but also by Museum staff. Information from other public records is also available including population profiles from the census and city directories. A number of themes are also represented including immigration to the city, athletes, artists and the film industry. Participation by some in city philanthropic organizations is also preserved. Education at the high school and university level and achievements in the professions are also important aspects of Jewish life in Saint John.
Jewish life throughout Canada and the rest of the world is also represented in the collections, mostly from newspaper clippings and magazines. This serves to place this community into a context with the rest of the world and reflects information easily available in the local city newspapers on world events.
A reunion of the now widely scattered Saint John Jewish Community, called the "Koom Ahaim", was held in Saint John in July 1984 to coincide with provincial bicentennial celebrations. This collection includes a mailing list, correspondence, and memorabilia from this major event in the community's history.
Jewish men in business were led by Solomon Hart who owned a cigar factory in 1858. Similar businesses were established by the families that followed from England and Western Europe. The Eastern Europeans possessed skills and trades when they arrived, but they turned first to the peddling of goods in the countryside to earn money and also to learn English. After a few years, small shops and factories were established in the city's North end along Main Street and some later moved uptown to other parts of the city. It was a varied group of businesses where one could purchases nearly everything available, but clothing, food and manufactured goods were the most common things available. Many also sold second-hand goods and dealt in scrap metal. The history of Jewish businesses has been well-documented through the city directories, newspaper advertisements and features, and a limited number of company records. At one time a great many of Saint John's prominent merchants were Jewish, but by 2007 all fo the "original" Jewish run businesses had closed. The archives also has early business records of Isaac Selick and Sons of Moncton, New Brunswick.
The Saint John Jewish community was very active in both World Wars. During the Second World War many men enlisted for the army, navy, and air force, while many women joined the Red Cross, the Canadian Women Army Corps, enlisted as nurses, or stayed in Saint John to provide assistance to the servicemen passing through the city, either in their own homes, in the Jewish Servicemen's Centre on Union Street, or in other service centres. This collection includes many of the dramatic newspaper headlines of the time, and the documents and prayer books carried by the servicemen. The richest part of the collection is that contributed by the family of Mrs. Jennie Brownberg, who was part of the Red Cross and also opened her home to servicemen.
Collected information on Jewish businesses and Jewish residential directories from 1863-1999 is searchable in database format. This database can be accessed through the Family History section of the Canadian Jewish Heritage Network.
Contact the Saint John Jewish Historical Museum directly for information on accessing this collection.
Researchers should also consult the sections on SYNAGOGUE, GENEALOGY, AUDIO VISUAL, and PHOTOGRAPHS for further information.
This series contains records pertaining to or originating from Baron de Hirsch Institute/Jewish Family Services.
In 1863 the Young Men’s Hebrew Benevolent Society (YMHBS) was formed by young unmarried men with the desire to help Jews in need. The Society also allowed the young Jewish men of Montreal to get to know each other better and to look after their social welfare needs. By 1882, the Society could not cope financially with the influx of immigrants arriving from Russia, most of who were destitute and had no means of support. The YMHBS appealed to philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsh. In 1890, Baron de Hirsch sent his first donation and in 1891, the Baron de Hirsch Institute opened and was dedicated to the purpose of “A Free School for the poor children of the Jewish faith and a home for sheltering distressed immigrants and orphans.” In 1900 Baron de Hirsch enlarged its sphere, and in recognition of the financial support received, obtained a new charter of incorporation to change its name to Baron de Hirsch Institute and Hebrew Benevolent Society of Montreal. The Institute was the pioneer charitable and philanthropic organization in Montreal. In 1917, because of the overlapping of much charitable and philanthropic work, the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies was formed with headquarters in the Baron de Hirsch Institute building. Baron de Hirsch became one of the constituent societies and continued its activities with the religious school, library, cemetery, family welfare, legal aid and Hebrew Court of Arbitration. The Federation of Jewish Philanthropies changed names three times. It became Federation of Jewish Community Services in 1951, Allied Jewish Community Services (AJCS) in 1965 and today’s Federation CJA in 1997. AJCS was under the direction of Manny Batshaw from 1967-1980).
In 1974 the Jewish Family Services Social Service Centre (JFSSSC) was created and incorporated almost all the programs and human resources of the Baron de Hirsch Institute. Jewish Family Services encompassed these two organizations by providing joint structure for their complementing mandates.
The JFSSSC was a publicly funded agency, working alongside the private JFS of the Baron de Hirsch Institute and primarily served the Jewish population. The JFSSSC became responsible for youth protection, young offenders, adoption and foster care (including group homes and placements for children, disabled adults and the elderly).
Over the years, JFS adapted to transformations in Quebec society and developments in the field of social work. As mental health, sex education, addiction, care of the elderly and other concerns were recognized as part of the mandate of a social service provider, JFS developed programs to respond to these needs. JFS’s professional work also included the supervision of many volunteer units (for example, Big Brothers, Big Sisters and hospital volunteers).
The public JFSSSC closed in 1993 in response to the Quebec government’s Bill 120 and the cessation of public funding. As a result, Jewish Family Services of the Baron de Hirsch Institute became a full-service, community-based organization.