Canadian Jewish Population Studies No. 7: Geographic index of Jewish community in Canada ('A Gazetteer of Jewish communities in Canada : showing the Jewish population in each of the cities, towns & villages in Canada in the census years, 1851-1951')
From a Yiddish fundraising pamphlet, circa 1934. In 1863, the Young Men's Hebrew Benevolent Society (YMHBS), later the Baron de Hirsch Institute (BHI), was formed. It helped new immigrants, ran a school, and provided relief services to the Jewish community. Other such organizations and institutions, often in need of money, were also in existence, so in 1916 a single agency was formed to oversee all fundraising for these groups: the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies. It later was renamed the Federation of Jewish Community Services (1951), then Allied Jewish Community Services (AJCS, 1965). In 1992 the name was changed to Federation CJA. Included within this social and community services agency are the Jewish Public Library, the YM-YWHA, Golden Age Association, Jewish Immigrant Aid Society (JIAS), and the Jewish General Hospital
MB 1.See Photo collection described on database in PCAT. One oversize box of scrapbooks stored with materials. Minutes and annual reports from National Archives of Canada collection and fragile materials from Series A are available on microfilm; reels ZE 22, ZE 23, and ZE 24.Various constituent agency records. See entries for Hebrew Old Peoples' and Sheltering Home, Maimonides Hospital, Hospital of Hope, Jewish General Hospital, Mount Sinai Sanatorium, YM-YWHA, Herzl (Dispensary/Health Services Centre/Family Practice), Montreal Hebrew Orphans' Home. See Also: Women's Federation of Allied Jewish Community Services, Industrial Removal Office.Approximately 15 m. of this collection is unprocessed. There is a finding aid and computer listings for the processed materials.
26 metres of textual records. - Env. 370 photographs.
The Jewish Colonization Association (JCA, in Yiddish ICA) was created in 1891 by the Baron Maurice de Hirsch. Its aim was to facilitate the mass emigration of Jews from Russia and other Eastern European countries by settling them in agricultural colonies on lands purchased by the committee, particularly in North and South America. A Canadian committee of the JCA was established in November 1906 to assist in the settlement of the thousands of Jewish refugees fleeing Russia and other European countries and to oversee the development of all the JCA settlements in the country. Colonies were established prior to 1906 throughout the west and in Quebec. These colonies included: in Saskatchewan - Hirsch (1892), Qu'Appelle or Lipton (1901), Cupar, near Regina (1901), Edenbridge east of Prince Albert (1906), and Sonnenfeld, west of Estevan (1906); in Manitoba - Bender Hamlet or Narcisse, north of Winnipeg (1903); in Quebec - La Macaza (1904) and Ste-Sophie (1904), both north of Montreal; and Trochu (1906) and Rumsey (1906), halfway between Calgary and Edmonton in Alberta. After the establishment of the Canadian committee, the JCA founded several others, including: Pine Ridge (1907), not far from Winnipeg; Eyre (1910), near Alsask in Saskatchewan, and Montefiore (1911), Alberta, on the western border between Alberta and Saskatchewan near Alsask in Saskatchewan; Bird's Hill (1911), east of Winnipeg; Camper or New Hirsch (1911), 150 kilometres north of Winnipeg; and Rosetown (1911), near the town of the same name in Saskatchewan. Economic factors, notably the Great Depression, led to the dissolution of all the Western colonies by the end of World War II. Thereafter concentrating its work in the East, the Canadian JCA purchased farms or made loans to farmers in Ontario and Quebec: the Niagara Peninsula, the regions of Brantville-Woodstock, Spencerville-Kemptville, and Beamsville in Ontario, and Saint-Hyacinthe, Saint-Damase, Saint-Jean-Baptiste, Frelighsburg, and Clarenceville, in Quebec. The JCA Canadian Committee made no more loans after 1970 and ceased all legal existence in 1978. The JCA deposited the major part of its papers at the National Archives of the Canadian Jewish Congress in 1978, and the remainder of its documents (the "S" collection) there in 1989.
There is a finding aid, supplementary series aid and computer listing.Related collections: Simon Belkin, Clara Hoffer, Louis Rosenberg, Kottenberg's Hotel New Glasgow (Nathan Rosenberg memoir).