List : Paper : Handwritten, Printed, Typed : Graphite pencil; Ink : Beige, Grey, Black ; Ht: 23 cm x W: 19 cm
Other Title Information
[Prior to 1944]
List is 1 looseleaf page, double-sided. Folded once horizontally and once vertically. Document is a handwritten numbered list of books, in pencil, mainly Greek classics. Notes are 4 pages of graph paper, double-sided. Folded once horizontally. Handwritten in pencil, they are notes relating to agriculture (breeding animals and crossbreeding plants). Envelope is printed at top left corner with 'HICEM / HIAS - ICA Emigration Association' in Budapest. It is addressed to Sándor Hornstein and Dr. Pál Weinberger. On verso are calculations done in pencil. Narrative: Donor is Elaine Kalman Naves, daughter of Gusztáv and Anikó Weinberger. Pal Weinberger was Gusztáv's younger brother. He was deported to Auschwitz with the rest of his extended family, survived the selection and was sent to Buchenwald. He became very ill there and was shot as the camp was being liberated. Gusztáv returned from the front to learn that 34 members of his extended family, including his wife and small daughter Évike, had been deported to Auschwitz. Only one cousin returned. He remarried Anikó Schwartz and they had two daughters, Elaine and Judith. This collection of correspondence was used as part of the research for the following book: Kalman Naves, Elaine. Journey to Vaja: Reconstructing the World of a Hungarian-Jewish Family. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1996. Print.
Letters and postcards some handwritten and some typed. Letters and postcards were send by and to members of Mauer family and Zarkower family between members of the family living in Poland and others who had immigrated to Canada and the United States of America. Correspondence spans from 1939 to 1948.
Narrative: Biographical note: Erika Maltin nee Zarkower is the daughter of Leon (Lonio) Zarkower born in 1900 and Mina Zarkower née Mauer born on March 25, 1899. she has an older sister named Bronia and a younger brother called Arian. They came from Makymowka, Poland and immigrated to Canada on May 1939 as farmers.
When Erika's family still lived in Poland, the paternal grandparents, Jakob Zarkower and Dina Zarkower lived in a close by village named Stryjuwka.
On a rectangular squared paper, a double-sided list of things to be found in a clothes basket. Narrative: In the 1920’s Serge and Sophie Philipson (nee Orbach) left Berlin for Paris due to rising antisemitism. On July 15, 1930 their daughter Rachel was born. Serge, Sophie and Rachel were Polish citizen, they never got either the German or the French citizenship. In Paris, Serge worked for Les Modes Modernes, the hat factory of his brother-in-law, Henri. When an opportunity to expand the business in Ireland arose, Serge moved to Galway. The new factory opened in July 1938. In August 1939, Sophie, Rachel, and 4 other family members (Rachel’s cousin Stéphane, his maternal grandmother Néné, Serge’s sister Esther and Serge’s sister-in-law Choura) left for Cabourg, in Normandy. After the winter 1939-1940 it became difficult to communicate with Ireland but Rachel and Sophie could still send and receive letter from Serge. At the end of winter 1940, the group moved to Néris and in July 1940, after the occupation of France by Germany, they settled in the zone libre in the village of Cauterets, on the border with Spain. They were reunited with Robert, Serge’s brother. In August 1942, 4 family members (Sophie’s sister Ella and her husband Ernest, their daughter Ruth, Serge’s siblings Robert and Esther) were arrested by local police and deported. They were not seen again. At the beginning of 1943, Sophie, her mother Augusta and Rachel moved to Maubourguet. In April 1943, they moved to Cannes in Hotel Victoria with Henri, Stéphane and Néné. Henri, Sophie and Augusta went into hiding together while cousins Stéphane and Rachel were taken care of by Néné and returned to Maubourguet. In January 1944, Henri, Sophie and Augusta were denounced and arrested. They were transferred to Marseille before being sent by train to Drancy transit camp from where they were deported. It is believed they were killed in a Polish killing centre. In 1944, Rachel moved from one place to another – under a non-Jewish identity - and continued to correspond with her father. In June 1945, she reunited with her father Ireland. They had not seen each other for 6 years. In 1951, Rachel got married. In 1954, she immigrated to Montreal.