A bronze pin representing the Parteiadler of Nazi Germany. The pin has an eagle with long outstretched wings, holding a swastika and looking to its left. Narrative: The German eagle is a symbol that has been used throughout history. Its most prominent association is with the Nazi Party. The traditional German eagle used by the Nazis was depicted standing atop a swastika, which was placed inside a wreath of oak leaves. It is sometimes called the Iron Eagle. When the eagle's head is turned to its left, it is a symbol of the Nazi Party and is called the Parteiadler. In contrast, when the eagle's head is turned to its right, it is a symbol of the country (Reich) and is called Reichsadler. After the Nazi party came to power in Germany, they forced the replacement of the traditional version of the German eagle with their modified party symbol throughout the country and all its institutions.
Boxing pin. Square base with saw-tooth cut corners and a thin gold border at each edge. The centre has been divided horizontally 3 times (red, white, blue). Inlaid in the red is gold text (see inscription); inlaid in between the white and blue stripes is a pair of gold boxing gloves. The reverse is textured with a long, stick pin extending downwards from the centre; the middle of the pin has screw-teeth. Narrative: Medal was won by donor, David Kropveld. David Kropveld was born on January 3, 1918, in Amsterdam, Holland. David took up boxing as a young man and participated in competitions. In July 1940, David and his father joined the White Brigade resistence group in the south of France. As members of the White Brigade, David and his father gave up their Jewish identities. In October 1942, David was arrested while smuggling war-related information between occupied and Vichy France. He was tortured for ten days before being released. He was reunited with his father in Brussels, but the two were arrested by Gestapo officers one week later. They were incarcerated for three months and deported to Auschwitz concentration camp (Poland). Father and son wore the badges of political prisoners and were selected for the slave labour camp of Monowitz, where they stayed for about five days prior to being transferred to camp of Treblinka (Poland). In Treblinka, David witnessed his father’s murder at the hands of a guard. In the fall of 1944, a guard recognized David as a boxer he had admired and had him transferred back to Auschwitz and Monowitz in December 1944 to compete boxing matches against other prisoners. In December 1944, David managed to escape the death march with a few iother prisoners. He was rescued shortly after and brought to a hospital until his health improved. No members of his family survived the war. In the summer of 1945, David met his wife. In 1947, the couple emigrated to Cuba, and in 1950, to Montreal where David began a successful career as a butcher.
Bund Youth Pin. Circular-shaped with a slight convex curve in the surface. Left side is enamelled and inlaid with Hebrew characters going vertically downwards. At the top right are 3 flags, 1 in front of another with enamelled red fields and inlaid poles. More Hebrew characters are found in front of the flag. Attached to the reverse is a screw-like pin with a flat bolt screwed on.
Inverted pyramid-shaped, with the bottom point cut straight. The top part has an image of a building, with flames on either side. In the very middle is a smaller inverted pyramid with high-relief, inlaid Buchenwald 1958 in its centre. On either side of the smaller pyramid are different flags: top to bottom, left side: USSR?, Czech Republic, Italy, ?, France, Yugoslavia, Norway, Poland, Belgium; top to bottom, right side: Germany, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Romania, Denmark?, Hungary, ?, Luxembourg, Austria. The reverse side is smooth, with a safety pin attached at the top, centre. Narrative: This pin is a Buchenwald 1958 commemorative pin
Round medal. Front: A sword stands on the right side of the medal. A hammer stands next to it, slightly higher. On the bottom right corner of the medal stands a eagle, who's spreading his wings while clutching an oak leaves wreath with his talons. Inside the oak leaves wreath is a swastika. On the left side of the medal is a plow. Back: There used to be a press fitted spring pin, which is now missing. Narrative: It was sold to celebrate Mayday - 'Tag der Arbeit' (Day of Work = May 1st) and raise money for the NSDAP.
Commemorative pin : soldered, enamelled, waxed : red, white, black
Other Title Information
Round medal pin. A sparkling red circle contours a white circle. In the middle of the white circle is a black swastika. The contours of the swastika are outlined in enamel. The swastika is big enough so that its four corners are touching the white circle's circumference. The white circle and the red circle are outlined in enamel. On the red contouring circle is written NATIONAL-SOZIALISTISCHE-D.A.P. in enamel. Narrative: There were two versions of the Party Badge of the Nazi Party : the 'Golden Party Badge' ('Goldenes Parteiabzeichen', officially 'Goldenes Ehrenzeichen der NSDAP') and the basic 'Party Badge'('Parteiabzeichen der NSDAP'). The Golden Party Badge was the basic Nazi Party Badge with the addition of a gold wreath completely encircling the badge. The Golden Party Badge was awarded to the first 100,000 members of the party and to people who had shown outstanding service to the Party or State. The Golden Party Badge was associated with the 'Alte Kämpfer' (Old combatants : those who joined the NSDAP before 1930) and those favored by the Führer, the Nazi Party elite. The basic Party Badge was given to the people who joined the Party after 1930. After Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, there were a rush of applications from Germans to join the NSDAP. The older members regarded these new members with contempt, seeing their applications as more opportunism than idealism. The basic Nazi Party badge were sarcastically referred to as 'die Angstbrosche' (The Badge of Fear) by the old members.
GES.GESCH.: Gesetzlich geschützt (legally protected).
Round medal pin. The contour of the medal is silver. The inside on the medal in black. In the middle of the medal is a 'steel helmet' (der Stahlhelm). The helmet is big enough so that its front and back are touching the silver contour. On the helmet is written 'Der Stahlhelm" in black, gothic writing. The back of the medal is silver and has a pin soldered to it. STH is written on the bottom of the medal in gothic writing and underlined. Narrative: This pin is a membership badge for the 'Der Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten' (The Steel Helmet, League of Frontline Soldiers). This league was a paramilitary organised defense assocation ('ein paramilitärisch organisierter Wehrverband') under the Weimar Republic.
It was founded in Magdeburg by Franz Seldte in 1918, after the German defeat (WWI).
This organisation gathered veterans from WWI frustrated with the German defeat, humilitated by the Traité de Versailles and opposed to the Weimar Republic's political system. With more than 500 000 members in 1930, the Stahlhelm was the biggest paramilitary organisation at the time.
In 1933, all militaristic organisation were subordinated to the Sturmabteilung (SA).
In 1933, the Stahlhelm members under the age of 45 were integrated into the Sturmabteilung (SA).
In 1934, the Stahlhelm was renamed 'Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Frontkämpferbund' (N.S.D.F.B. or Federation of the National Socialist Frontline-Fighters).
In 1935 the organization was completely dissolved by the Nazis. GES.GESCH.: Gesetzlich geschützt (legally protected).
commemorative pin : ?, soldered ; Ht: 5,6 cm x W: 1,6 cm
Other Title Information
Maltese cross with a pair of swords crossing the arms of the cross in the shape of an X. The handles of the swords are at the bottom, while the end of the swords are on top. In the center on the cross is a circle in the middle of which is a swastika. Narrative: The stickpin was given as an everyday alternative to the full sized medal. The War Merit Cross had two variants : with or without swords. With swords was given to soldiers for outstanding contributions to the war effort under the enemy armed fires or for special contributions to the military warfare. Without swords was given for special contributions to the execution of other tasks of war, in which there were no war effort performed into enemy armed fires. The War Merit Cross had four levels : the Gold Knight's Cross (Goldenes Ritterkreuz), the Knight's Cross (Ritterkreuz), the 1st Class, (I. Klasse) and the 2nd Class (2. Klasse). The Gold Knight's Cross was never awarded, the Knight's Cross was awarded circa 230 times, the 1st class was awarded circa 140 000 times, and the 2nd class was awarded circa 2 700 000 times. The Knight's Cross was first awarded on 19 August 1940, the 1st and the 2nd classes were first awarded on 18 October 1939. After 1945, soldiers were not allowed to were the medal anymore, the wear of any Nazi emblem was prohibited, therefore the state replaced the medal in 1957. The news ones look exactly the same, except the swastika is replaced by '1939'.
Oval pin known as General Assault Badge. The center features a Wehrmacht eagle standing on a swastika, clutching it in its talons. Both surmount a bayonet crossing a stick grenade. The center is contoured by a oak leaves wreath, which begins at the bottom with two acorns. Each side has 5 oak leaves. The separation between the 1st and the 2nd oak leaves on the left is made by the handle of the stick grenade, while the one on the right is made by the handle of the bayonet. The separation between the 2nd and the 3rd oak leaves on the left is made by the end of the bayonet, while the one on the right is made by the end of the stick grenade. The other separations are made by acorns. The spaces between the center and the contour are empty. Narrative: This badge was awarded to soldiers of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS (army) who were not in infantry or tank units during World War II. It was originally intended for engineers (pioneer), but was also awarded to troops who supported the artillery and armor units in combat. It also included anti-tank and anti-aircrafts units who served along with the infantry in an assault. Medical personnel who treated battlefield wounded were also eligible. It was instituted on June 1st, 1940 by the Generaloberst Walther von Brauchitsch (Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres). This badge was awarded to circa 460 000 soldiers. One of the following requirements had to be fulfilled, as well as not being eligible for the Infantry Assault Badge, in order to be awarded this badge :
1. Participation in three infantry or armored assaults;
2. Participation in three infantry or armored indirect assaults;
3. Having been wounded during these assaults;
4. Having earned an award during these assaults.