The majority of this material is in Rumanian. Leaflets. Publications. Song sheet. Newspapers. Poem. Photocopies of photographs. Play with English summary. Summary of all documents (English).
The Pedestrians, or Foot-wanderers, were young men and women from Rumania. Suffering under severe anti-Semitic government policies, they decided to leave for North America, but to do so in a dramatic way which would make known their situation throughout Europe and the rest of the world. In groups of 100 or 200, with their possessions on their backs, they marched from one country to another, trying to reach ports from which they could sail to North America. Along the way, they were helped by reception committees, and the Jewish Colonization Association provided steamship tickets to cross the Atlantic. Some of these immigrants reached Montreal, where the JCA tried to place them, mainly in western Canada. Though the groups were made up of people in a variety of professions, the Pedestrians were known for putting on dramatic productions during their travels in Europe, and after their arrival in North America. The movement existed for only a few years, starting in the late 1890s.
Canadian Jewish Population Studies No. 7: Geographic index of Jewish community in Canada ('A Gazetteer of Jewish communities in Canada : showing the Jewish population in each of the cities, towns & villages in Canada in the census years, 1851-1951')
Fonds consists of microfilms and one issue of the periodical.
Dec. 10, 1897 - April 10, l914
The first Canadian newspaper, the Canadian Jewish Times, began publication on Dec. 10, 1897 in Montreal during the period of modern Zionism under Theodor Herzl and the Dreyfus trial in France and a subsequent wave of anti-Semitism. It was an English language fortnightly. The initial editorial stated that the Jewish community “ should possess an organ of their own for the dissemination of Jewish news, interchange of ideas and the advocacy as well as the defence of Jewish rights as free citizens of a free country”. It was published by two young men, Lyon Cohen, 28 and Sam Jacobs, 26.
The periodical covered both national and local events, social news, London and New York columnists, reprints from American and British Jewish journals, rabbinical sermons, letters and literary contributions.
The Canadian Jewish Chronicle was the successor to the Canadian Jewish Times in 1914.
1. Administrative history taken from the book A century of the Canadian Jewish Press, 1880's - 1980's / Lewis Levendel.
2. Two sets of microfilm copied from National Archives of Canada originals by Micromedia Ltd. One set forwarded to Canadian Jewish Congress archives, Toronto.
3. Dec. 3, 1909 issue located in Document Box under C, donated by Mrs Libby Glube.