The Labour Zionist Movement is an umbrella organization for a variety of groups across Canada. These include the Labour Zionist Alliance, the Actions Committee of the Labour Zionist Movement and Habonim. The materials in this collection pertain to many aspects of the Labour Zionist movement, and particular the Poale Zion. Poale Zion was started in 1905, with the name being Yiddish for "Labour Zion". Within the many groups that made up the Labour Zionist movement, the Poale Zion was considered to be the more political and radical organization, with the mission of addressing the working class, looking towards eventual settlement in the Land of Israel, and initiating education to prepare for life on a kibbutz. The general Labour Zionist movement records in Series A of this collection span a wide range of years and were collected from diverse sources, while the Poale Zion record series in Series B date mainly from 1933-1944 and were created by this organization in the course of its operations at that time.