Leon Calderon was born in 1926 in Salonika, Greece, to a family of Yugoslavian origins. He had four siblings who, along with his parents, perished in Auschwitz in 1943, except for one brother who died in the Warsaw ghetto. After the war broke out in Greece, he lived in Salonika in the ghetto until April 1943, when he was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. He was there for about six months. In October 1943, he was transferred to the Warsaw ghetto, where he had to clean up and collect bricks after the uprising. In June 1944 the Russians were approaching, and after a five-day death march, he was transferred by train to Dachau, where he remained for a week. Then he was transferred to the Mildorf labor camp in Germany, where he worked on the construction of a tunnel until April 1945. With the American Army approaching, they were put on a train, which was also bombed, and were finally liberated on April 30, 1945 by the Americans. Leon stayed for a week in a DP camp near Munich, then for a month in the Landsberg DP camp. He returned to Salonika until the Greek civil war began in 1949. He moved to Israel, returning to Salonika in 1953 to obtain visas for Canada. In August 1955, he came to Canada by boat. He got married and he had two daughters. He worked as a salesman and manager of a store, and owned his own company until 1975.
Photograph : Paper : Printed : photograph : b&w ; Ht: 25,5 cm x W: 20,5 cm
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White border. A man in a suit with a mustache stands at a table speaking. Other men sit at the same table with drinks in front of them. Behind them is a stage with empty chairs and music stands. A banner above them reads 1952. Narrative: Also visible: Avrum Feigenbaum (donor), orchestra conductor; Pinchas Wolkowictz, president of Workman’s Circle; Yankle Grossman, principal of Avrum Reisen School.
Photograph : Paper : printed : Ink : b&w ; Ht: 18 cm x W: 12 cm
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Photograph with white borders. Outdoor scene. From l. to r., are the Eta Rubenstein, 10 years old at the time, and Adele Rubenstein, 6 years old at the time. On the r. is their father Leon Rubenstein. Between Eta and Adele is a mascot in a bear costume. The family is posing in front of a wooden house with a rounded door. Narrative: Eta and Adele Rubinstein are the donor’s cousins and Leon is the donor’s uncle. Sara Ostrzega, nee Rubenstein, was born on 1923-05-13 in Lodz, Poland. Very shortly after the war broke out, Sara and her family were forced out of their house and into the Lodz ghetto. In 1944-08, the Rubenstein family was deported to Auschwitz. During the registration there, she and her mother were separated from her father and brother. They only stayed in Auschwitz for three days, and were then transported to Stutthof, where a large number of people were needed for the production of ammunition. Sara remained in Stutthof concentration camp for three months, before she was brought to Dresden. There she lived in a factory building, also forced to produce ammunition. On 1945-03-11, they were forced on a train to go to Theresienstadt camp-ghetto. Sara managed to flee from the train and remained hidden for four weeks. In 1945-05, she returned to Lodz, where she found that her father, uncle and brother were still alive. Her cousin Eta survived the Holocaust but her uncle Leon perished in Stutthof concentration camp in 1944.
b&w photograph printed pn cardstock postcard. Naked baby boy Leon Sighiersky lying on his stomach. Printed on postcard paper, no message on the back of the postcard. Narrative: This picture was used when Leon Sighiersky's parents entered him in a baby beauty contest, which he won a prize for, in the 1920's.