Letter : Paper : HandwrInkitten : Graphite pencil : Beige, Grey ; Ht: 3 3/8 in. x W: 5 1/4 in.
Other Title Information
[Prior to 1943]
1 page, single-sided. Document is a short, undated note from Heinz Mises to his Aunt Anny and Uncle Ylan (Tuwja and Chana Bercovicz). Narrative: Chana (Chane, Annie) (Trompeter) Berkowicz was the mother of the donor, Jack (Jacques) Berkowicz. Her sister Esther Mises (Mieses) was deported from the Drancy transit camp to Auschwitz-Birkenau on September 4, 1942, on Transport 28 with her two sons, Heinrich (Heinz), born in 1932, and Hermann, born in 1933. Born in Mielec, Poland, Chana was living in Vienna, Austria with her parents and two sisters. In 1938, after the German annexation of Austria, the family fled, driving to France via Belgium. Tuwja (Tuwyas, Tuwia, Tuvia, Tobias) Bercowicz (Berkowicz) was the donor's father. Born in Vilna, Tuwyas immigrated to Belgium in 1933 and when Belgium fell to Nazi Germany in 1940, he fled to France, hoping to reach Morocco by boat from Marseilles. Tuwyas and Chana met in Lyon, France in 1941 and married. Their daughter Dorothée was born in 1942. The family attempted to flee France by boat in Marseilles, but were stopped by Vichy police. They fled Marseilles and went south, into the Pyrenees region, living in various small vilages. Their son Jack was born in Bernac-Dessus in 1944. The family survived the war and returned to Brussels from 1945-1948, and then immigrated to Canada with the help of the American Joint Distribution Committee. They were sponsored by Tuwyas' sister Luba, who was already living in Halifax. The Berkowicz family settled in Montreal.