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37 records – page 1 of 4.

Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Bookmark : cast (moulded) : Red, Yellow, Blue, Bronze
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  2 images  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Bookmark : cast (moulded) : Red, Yellow, Blue, Bronze
Other Title Information
Written Communication T&E
Date
1939
Physical Condition
Good
Language
English
Notes
The top of the bookmark has crest with a single maple leaf in the middle. Underneath, is a circular piece with raised effigies of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II. The bottom is a rounded triangle, with a recessed area in the middle, which holds a page. The box is rectangular and has two illustrations of the Royal Crown along the left side. Narrative: Gerhart Adolf Maass (Hambourg 1918-Montreal 2009), also known as “Gerry”, was the youngest son of Adolf Maass and Käthe Elsbach. In 1935, summoned by his parents to leave Germany, Gerhart had no other idea in mind than coming to Canada. He was well supported by a distant cousin of his father, Rudolf van der Walde, who owned an import business in Hamburg with several subsidiaries around the world. The idea was that once hired, Gerhart could be transferred to the Canadian office of the company. After having worked in Sweden for the Swedish subsidiary, and only after obtaining permission to come to Canada, Gerhart had to return to Germany in 1938 in order to renew his passport and seek a visa at the Canadian Consulate in Hamburg. Gerhart came to Canada in November 1938 and tried to help his parents out of Germany, but in vain. He enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1942 and in 1944 received his certificate of naturalization, which allowed him to be accepted into the Secret intelligence services. Gerhart served in France, Holland and Germany where he was stationed in the town of Oldenburg, in the British Zone and became the personal assistant of Major Morris DF. He returned to Herford at the end of the war, and recovered the family business (Elsbach co.) which had been confiscated by NSDAP authorities in 1938. After Liberation, he accessed the archives of the Gestapo in Hamburg and found hundreds of documents relating to his family. He learned that after being sent to Theresienstadt ghetto, his parents were deported and murdered in Auschwitz in 1944. Gerhart was the last Canadian soldier stationed in Oldenburg and was given the Canadian flag hanging over the entrance of the camp; he later donated it to the Canadian War Museum. Gerhart returned to Canada in September 1946 and settled in Montreal.
Accession No.
2010.07.12
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Montreal, Canada, North America
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Box : cut, veneered (maequetry), inlaid, hinged, glued : brown, green, yellow, orange ; Ht: 11,5 cm x W: 20 cm x De: 26,4 cm
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  2 images  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Box : cut, veneered (maequetry), inlaid, hinged, glued : brown, green, yellow, orange ; Ht: 11,5 cm x W: 20 cm x De: 26,4 cm
Other Title Information
Container
Physical Condition
Good
Notes
Rectangular box with hinged lid which can be locked. Yellow-Orange seashell pattern in a green oval is veneered in the middle of the box lid. Green felt covers the bottom of the box. Diamond-shaped key hole on the front of the box; a small metal skeleton key is inserted into the hole. Narrative: This box belongs to Gerhart Maass. It was sent to him by his parents, Kaethe and Adolf Maass, along with pieces of furniture, in Montreal prior to the Second World War. Adolf and Kaethe Maass were both killed in Auschwitz concentration camp (Poland). Gerhard Maass used this box to keep the programs from the symphonic music concerts he went to (See S2 Special Interests in Gerhard Adolf Maass fonds to see the programs).
Accession No.
2010.07.06
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Clock : watch making, veneered (face of the clock) : brown ; Ht: 25,5 cm x W: 15 cm x De: 52,5 cm
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  2 images  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Clock : watch making, veneered (face of the clock) : brown ; Ht: 25,5 cm x W: 15 cm x De: 52,5 cm
Other Title Information
Timekeeping T&E
Date
1892
Physical Condition
Excellent
Notes
The clock features an enamelled face, black roman numerals, gold detailing and decorative inlaid wood. Narrative: This clock belonged to Adolf and Kaethe Maass. It was sent, along with pieces of furniture, to their son Gerhart in Montreal prior to WW2. Gerhart Adolf Maass (Hambourg 1918-Montreal 2009), also known as “Gerry”, was the youngest son of Adolf Maass and Käthe Elsbach. In 1935, summoned by his parents to leave Germany, Gerhart had no other idea in mind than coming to Canada. He was well supported by a distant cousin of his father, Rudolf van der Walde, who owned an import business in Hamburg with several subsidiaries around the world. The idea was that once hired, Gerhart could be transferred to the Canadian office of the company. After having worked in Sweden for the Swedish subsidiary, and only after obtaining permission to come to Canada, Gerhart had to return to Germany in 1938 in order to renew his passport and seek a visa at the Canadian Consulate in Hamburg. Gerhart came to Canada in November 1938 and tried to help his parents out of Germany, but in vain. He enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1942 and in 1944 received his certificate of naturalization, which allowed him to be accepted into the Secret intelligence services. Gerhart served in France, Holland and Germany where he was stationed in the town of Oldenburg, in the British Zone and became the personal assistant of Major Morris DF. He returned to Herford at the end of the war, and recovered the family business (Elsbach co.) which had been confiscated by NSDAP authorities in 1938. After Liberation, he accessed the archives of the Gestapo in Hamburg and found hundreds of documents relating to his family. He learned that after being sent to Theresienstadt ghetto, his parents were deported and murdered in Auschwitz in 1944. Gerhart was the last Canadian soldier stationed in Oldenburg and was given the Canadian flag hanging over the entrance of the camp; he later donated it to the Canadian War Museum. Gerhart returned to Canada in September 1946 and settled in Montreal.
Accession No.
2010.07.03
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Lenzkirch, Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

Commemorative badge

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn75218
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative badge : enameled, soldered ; Ht: 5,5 cm x W: 1,3 cm
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  1 image  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative badge : enameled, soldered ; Ht: 5,5 cm x W: 1,3 cm
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1933-1945
Physical Condition
Good
Notes
The medal is a downward facing triangle. Top half is a black lighthouse on a white background. Bottom half is a downward facing red triangle in the middle of which is a circle, inside of which is a black swastika on a white background. The contours of the medal, the lighthouse, the swastika and the circle are medal-coloured, as well as the details of the lighthouse. The medal is soldered to a medal pin. Narrative: This stickpin was given to veterans from the First World War, to military, civilian and political individuals for their service to the Nation. In the case of military personel, a full size medal was awarded along with the stickpin. Originally the Kyffhäuserbund was a section of the Deutscher Kriegerbund (German Warrior League). Deutscher Kriegerbund (German Warrior League) was a War Veterans' and reservists' Association in Germany. It was established in April 1873 in Weißenfels. Its origins lie in a Warrior Association established in 1786 by fusiliers of Frederick II of Prussia's army in Wangerin/Pomerania. The original purpose of the War Veterans' Associations was to provide their members and former soldiers with proper burial arrangements, in order to preserve the dignity of their former comrades-in-arms and honor them even after their death. The Kyffhäuserbund was create in 1900 with the purpose of uniting all German war veterans' associations. It was initially named "Kyffhäuserbund der deutschen Landeskriegerverbände" (Kyffhäuser League of the German Countries' Warriors Associations). This name was later abbreviated to Kyffhäuserbund. The name and lighthouse symbol come from the Kyffhäuserdenkmal (Kyffhäuser Monument) (also known as Barbarossadenkmal (Barbarossa Monument) or Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal (the Kaiser Wilhelm Monument)), a memorial in honor of Kaiser Wilhelm I (Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Preußen) built on the summit of the Kyffhäuser Mountain near Bad Frankenhausen in the state of Thuringia in Germany. Before the First World War, the Kyffhäuserbund counted nearly 3 million war veterans as its members and was one of Germany's largest societies. After the First World War, the Kyffhäuserbund changed its name to Deutscher Reichskriegerbund Kyffhäuser e.V. (German Warriors Association Kyffhäuser). As the Nazi tookover the power in 1933, the Kyffhäuserbund was nazified. 5 years later, in 1938, it's name was changed to NS-Reichskriegerbund Kyffhäuser e.V (Nationalsocialist Reich Warriors Association Kyffhäuser) and it became the only organization representing the Veterans' interests in the Third Reich. The symbol, the lighthouse, who was formerly on top of a black, white and red flag, was now on top of a swastika. After the Second World war, on the 10th Oktober 1945, the Allies ordered the disbandment and liquidation of the Nazi organizations (Auflösung und Liquidierung der Naziorganisationen). Kyffhäuserbund reestablished itself in 1952. Nowadays it emphasizes its role as a shooting sports association.
Accession No.
2010.07.27
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

Commemorative pin

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76623
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : cast, soldered : silver
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  2 images  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : cast, soldered : silver
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1936
Physical Condition
Good
Language
German
Notes
Round medal. Front: A sword stands on the right side of the medal. A hammer stands next to it, slightly higher. On the bottom right corner of the medal stands a eagle, who's spreading his wings while clutching an oak leaves wreath with his talons. Inside the oak leaves wreath is a swastika. On the left side of the medal is a plow. Back: There used to be a press fitted spring pin, which is now missing. Narrative: It was sold to celebrate Mayday - 'Tag der Arbeit' (Day of Work = May 1st) and raise money for the NSDAP.
Accession No.
2010.07.20
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Menden, Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

Commemorative pin

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76624
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : soldered, enamelled, waxed : red, white, black
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  1 image  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : soldered, enamelled, waxed : red, white, black
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1933
Physical Condition
Good
Language
German
Notes
Round medal pin. A sparkling red circle contours a white circle. In the middle of the white circle is a black swastika. The contours of the swastika are outlined in enamel. The swastika is big enough so that its four corners are touching the white circle's circumference. The white circle and the red circle are outlined in enamel. On the red contouring circle is written NATIONAL-SOZIALISTISCHE-D.A.P. in enamel. Narrative: There were two versions of the Party Badge of the Nazi Party : the 'Golden Party Badge' ('Goldenes Parteiabzeichen', officially 'Goldenes Ehrenzeichen der NSDAP') and the basic 'Party Badge'('Parteiabzeichen der NSDAP'). The Golden Party Badge was the basic Nazi Party Badge with the addition of a gold wreath completely encircling the badge. The Golden Party Badge was awarded to the first 100,000 members of the party and to people who had shown outstanding service to the Party or State. The Golden Party Badge was associated with the 'Alte Kämpfer' (Old combatants : those who joined the NSDAP before 1930) and those favored by the Führer, the Nazi Party elite. The basic Party Badge was given to the people who joined the Party after 1930. After Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, there were a rush of applications from Germans to join the NSDAP. The older members regarded these new members with contempt, seeing their applications as more opportunism than idealism. The basic Nazi Party badge were sarcastically referred to as 'die Angstbrosche' (The Badge of Fear) by the old members. GES.GESCH.: Gesetzlich geschützt (legally protected).
Accession No.
2010.07.21
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Lüdenscheid, Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

commemorative pin

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76625
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
commemorative pin : cast, soldered, enamelled : black, silver
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  1 image  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
commemorative pin : cast, soldered, enamelled : black, silver
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1918-1939
Physical Condition
Good
Language
German
Notes
Round medal pin. The contour of the medal is silver. The inside on the medal in black. In the middle of the medal is a 'steel helmet' (der Stahlhelm). The helmet is big enough so that its front and back are touching the silver contour. On the helmet is written 'Der Stahlhelm" in black, gothic writing. The back of the medal is silver and has a pin soldered to it. STH is written on the bottom of the medal in gothic writing and underlined. Narrative: This pin is a membership badge for the 'Der Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten' (The Steel Helmet, League of Frontline Soldiers). This league was a paramilitary organised defense assocation ('ein paramilitärisch organisierter Wehrverband') under the Weimar Republic. It was founded in Magdeburg by Franz Seldte in 1918, after the German defeat (WWI). This organisation gathered veterans from WWI frustrated with the German defeat, humilitated by the Traité de Versailles and opposed to the Weimar Republic's political system. With more than 500 000 members in 1930, the Stahlhelm was the biggest paramilitary organisation at the time. In 1933, all militaristic organisation were subordinated to the Sturmabteilung (SA). In 1933, the Stahlhelm members under the age of 45 were integrated into the Sturmabteilung (SA). In 1934, the Stahlhelm was renamed 'Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Frontkämpferbund' (N.S.D.F.B. or Federation of the National Socialist Frontline-Fighters). In 1935 the organization was completely dissolved by the Nazis. GES.GESCH.: Gesetzlich geschützt (legally protected).
Accession No.
2010.07.22
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Germany
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

commemorative pin

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76626
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
commemorative pin : ?, soldered ; Ht: 5,6 cm x W: 1,6 cm
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  1 image  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
commemorative pin : ?, soldered ; Ht: 5,6 cm x W: 1,6 cm
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1939
Physical Condition
Good
Notes
Maltese cross with a pair of swords crossing the arms of the cross in the shape of an X. The handles of the swords are at the bottom, while the end of the swords are on top. In the center on the cross is a circle in the middle of which is a swastika. Narrative: The stickpin was given as an everyday alternative to the full sized medal. The War Merit Cross had two variants : with or without swords. With swords was given to soldiers for outstanding contributions to the war effort under the enemy armed fires or for special contributions to the military warfare. Without swords was given for special contributions to the execution of other tasks of war, in which there were no war effort performed into enemy armed fires. The War Merit Cross had four levels : the Gold Knight's Cross (Goldenes Ritterkreuz), the Knight's Cross (Ritterkreuz), the 1st Class, (I. Klasse) and the 2nd Class (2. Klasse). The Gold Knight's Cross was never awarded, the Knight's Cross was awarded circa 230 times, the 1st class was awarded circa 140 000 times, and the 2nd class was awarded circa 2 700 000 times. The Knight's Cross was first awarded on 19 August 1940, the 1st and the 2nd classes were first awarded on 18 October 1939. After 1945, soldiers were not allowed to were the medal anymore, the wear of any Nazi emblem was prohibited, therefore the state replaced the medal in 1957. The news ones look exactly the same, except the swastika is replaced by '1939'.
Accession No.
2010.07.24
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Germany, Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

Commemorative pin

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76627
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : cast, soldered : silver
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  1 image  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Commemorative pin : cast, soldered : silver
Other Title Information
Documentary Artifact
Date
1940
Physical Condition
Good
Notes
Oval pin known as General Assault Badge. The center features a Wehrmacht eagle standing on a swastika, clutching it in its talons. Both surmount a bayonet crossing a stick grenade. The center is contoured by a oak leaves wreath, which begins at the bottom with two acorns. Each side has 5 oak leaves. The separation between the 1st and the 2nd oak leaves on the left is made by the handle of the stick grenade, while the one on the right is made by the handle of the bayonet. The separation between the 2nd and the 3rd oak leaves on the left is made by the end of the bayonet, while the one on the right is made by the end of the stick grenade. The other separations are made by acorns. The spaces between the center and the contour are empty. Narrative: This badge was awarded to soldiers of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS (army) who were not in infantry or tank units during World War II. It was originally intended for engineers (pioneer), but was also awarded to troops who supported the artillery and armor units in combat. It also included anti-tank and anti-aircrafts units who served along with the infantry in an assault. Medical personnel who treated battlefield wounded were also eligible. It was instituted on June 1st, 1940 by the Generaloberst Walther von Brauchitsch (Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres). This badge was awarded to circa 460 000 soldiers. One of the following requirements had to be fulfilled, as well as not being eligible for the Infantry Assault Badge, in order to be awarded this badge : 1. Participation in three infantry or armored assaults; 2. Participation in three infantry or armored indirect assaults; 3. Having been wounded during these assaults; 4. Having earned an award during these assaults.
Accession No.
2010.07.26
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Germany , Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

Cup and saucer

https://www.cjhn.ca/en/permalink/cjhn76800
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Cup and saucer : gilded : white, gold ; Ht: 4 cm x W: 5,8 cm x De: 7,3 cm
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
  2 images  
Collection
MONTREAL HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL CENTRE (MHMC-01)
Description Level
Item
Material Format
object
Physical Description
Cup and saucer : gilded : white, gold ; Ht: 4 cm x W: 5,8 cm x De: 7,3 cm
Other Title Information
Food Service T&E
Date
[ca. 1920]
Physical Condition
Excellent
Notes
Set of two demitasses with their matching saucers, part of a larger service. Demitasse is a small round tea cup with smaller round base. White with golden geometric pattern around the border of the cup. Golden handle in right-angled trapezoid shape on the side of the cup. The saucers are round with smaller round base. White with golden geometric pattern around the border of the plate. Narrative: These demitasses and plates belong to Adolf and Kaethe Maass. They were sent, along with pieces of furniture, to their son Gerhart in Montreal prior to the Second World War. Adolf and Kaethe Maass were both killed in Auschwitz concentration camp (Poland).
Accession No.
2010.07.38-39
Name Access
Maass, Joan
Places
Szczawienko (Niedersalzbrunn), Poland (Silesia), Europe
Archival / Genealogical
Archival Descriptions
Repository
Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Images
Less detail

37 records – page 1 of 4.

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