500+ pages (exact page number is unknown). Cardboard cover, not bound. Cover is beige with black and blue text; a b&w drawing of a person lying down, with their hands covering their face. Interior pages are beige, the first 12 consist only of text. The remaining pages have b&w drawings of different camp scenes, with captions under each. The last 5 drawings are in colour. The book ends with a table of contents of all the included drawings.
b&w, couple standing next to each other, looking in the same direction. They are the donor's paternal uncle and his wife. Narrative: In the 1920’s Serge and Sophie Philipson (nee Orbach) left Berlin for Paris due to rising antisemitism. On July 15, 1930 their daughter Rachel was born. Serge, Sophie and Rachel were Polish citizen, they never got either the German or the French citizenship. In Paris, Serge worked for Les Modes Modernes, the hat factory of his brother-in-law, Henri. When an opportunity to expand the business in Ireland arose, Serge moved to Galway. The new factory opened in July 1938. In August 1939, Sophie, Rachel, and 4 other family members (Rachel’s cousin Stéphane, his maternal grandmother Néné, Serge’s sister Esther and Serge’s sister-in-law Choura) left for Cabourg, in Normandy. After the winter 1939-1940 it became difficult to communicate with Ireland but Rachel and Sophie could still send and receive letter from Serge. At the end of winter 1940, the group moved to Néris and in July 1940, after the occupation of France by Germany, they settled in the zone libre in the village of Cauterets, on the border with Spain. They were reunited with Robert, Serge’s brother. In August 1942, 4 family members (Sophie’s sister Ella and her husband Ernest, their daughter Ruth, Serge’s siblings Robert and Esther) were arrested by local police and deported. They were not seen again. At the beginning of 1943, Sophie, her mother Augusta and Rachel moved to Maubourguet. In April 1943, they moved to Cannes in Hotel Victoria with Henri, Stéphane and Néné. Henri, Sophie and Augusta went into hiding together while cousins Stéphane and Rachel were taken care of by Néné and returned to Maubourguet. In January 1944, Henri, Sophie and Augusta were denounced and arrested. They were transferred to Marseille before being sent by train to Drancy transit camp from where they were deported. It is believed they were killed in a Polish killing centre. In 1944, Rachel moved from one place to another – under a non-Jewish identity - and continued to correspond with her father. In June 1945, she reunited with her father Ireland. They had not seen each other for 6 years. In 1951, Rachel got married. In 1954, she immigrated to Montreal.
b&w with white border, oudoor scene. Two women standing on a pebble beach, in front of sea. Alice Eckstein is on the right, wearing a white swimsuit with flowers. Pela is on the left, wearing a black swimsuit.
B&w photograph with a white boder along the lengths. An outdoor scene, in which two women are walking along La Promenade des Anglais. They are wearing dress clothes. From left to right, Alice Eckstein and Rella Eckstein are shown.
B&w photograph with a white border on three sides. An outdoor portrait of a fashionably dressed woman in black, leaning against the railing of a boardwalk known as Promenade des Anglais. The Plage des Ponchettes and the old pier can be seen in the background. The woman in the photograph is Alice Eckstein.
Armband : woven, sewn, machine, printed : beige, black
Other Title Information
The centre of the band is wider than the ends. Button holes are found on the left side, with an additional loop of fabric. The armband belonged to the donor's father, Maurice Elias Narrative: Maurice Elias volunteered for the French Army on September 11, 1939 although he was not a French citizen. On March 20, 1940 he joined the 212 Infantry Division and was demobilized in 1941. The family received his cap and armband after liberation. They had been left behind when he was demobilized. He owned a store since 1933, which was assigned an administrator. He was taken on August 20, 1941 in the first round-up of Paris Jews (mostly professionals and intellectuals). He was picked up at 6:30 AM by 3 French men and taken to Drancy. Transferred to Compiegne because they thought that he was a Communist since he spoke Russian. On February 27, 1942 he was deported to Auschwitz and killed April 19, 1942
Armband : printed, embroidered : White, Black ; Ht: 3,75 in. x W: 12,5 in.
Other Title Information
Rectangular armband with three snaps. It served as identification for a forced labourer. This armband was given in Drancy internment camp to a hungarian Jew named Pal Link. Narrative: This armband belonged to Pal Link, the donor's father. In 1940, Pal was away from his home and family in Budapest for business and found himself stuck in France when the Germans invaded the country. He fled to Normandy hoping to escape to England but was unsuccessful. With false papers given to him by a local policeman, he managed to reach Nice in the South of France. Once the free zone was invaded, Pal went into hiding in the Alps but was denounced and deported to the Drancy internment camp. On the way to the camp, a soldier advised him to lie about his employment. Pal had a business exporting agricultural products but declared he was a stoker, and was put to work as such. This is how he survived from the end of 1943 to the summer of 1944 when the last inmates were let go in exchange for German soldiers. Pal survived the Holocaust and immigrated to Montreal where his son, Andre was living.