Program : Paper : Typed : Ink : Beige, Black ; Ht: 27,5 cm x W: 21,5 cm
Other Title Information
[Prior to 1943]
I page, single-sided. Folded once horizontally and once vertically. Ink blotches at bottom of cast list. Document is a listing of cast members for a performance of Oliver Cromwell, a play by John Drinkwater. Performance was held in an internment camp. Gustave plays 'First Agent to the Earl of Bedford', and Leopold Loebenberg, another internee who later settled in Montreal, plays 'General Fairfax'. Narrative: This document was donated by Eudice Bauer, the wife of Gustave Bauer. Gustave was born in 1924 in Hamburg, Germany, and was on vacation in Denmark with his mother Anna and brother Werner when the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were passed. They decided not to return to Germany, and went to stay with Anne's sister in Brussels, Belgium. Gustave's father Manfred was arrested for smuggling money out of Germany and spent the next two years in prison. Manfred joined his family in Brussels when he was released from prison in 1937. In 1940, immediately before Germany occupied Belgium, all German males born before 1924 were ordered to register. Manfred and Werner were sent to France, where they were interned. On their way to France to join them, Gustave and his mother were arrested and sent to England on the last boat to leave Belgium before it was occupied. In England, Gustave spent time in Folkestone, Pentonville Prison, Kempton Park, and Douglas, Isle of Man. He was in England from May 19 to July 4, 1940. IOn July 4, 1940 he was sent to Canada on the S.S. Sobiesky with other German nationals as prisoners of war.He was in Camp T, in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, from July 15 to August 12, 1940. He was thenmoved to Camp B, in New Brunswick, and then in 1941 was sent with other Jewish internees to Camp I, Île aux Noix, Quebec. He was sponsored for release in 1942, and his mother joined him in Canada in 1947. His father was deported from Drancy to Majdanek in 1943. It is unknown what happened to Gustave's brother Werner once he was sent to France. Neither man survived the war. Leopold Loebenberg was interned in many of the same camps as Gustave. His video testimony is held in the Centre's collection.